Covent Garden

The Covent Garden Market used to serve as fruit, vegetable & flower market since 1654 till 1974. The Regal House new appearance reflects the heritage of this site. At the same time it should serve as a contemporary entrance gate to the area highlighting potential of biodiversity in urban developments.

Chosen colorful plant palette reflects the sun paths during the day. Northern side is calmer, while the western one is blooming in summer. Night time illumination attracts people to take pictures before their walk to nearby theatre venues or bars. It became one of the iconic photo locations and popular places to meet other people.

Regal House, Covent Garden Station, Londýn

Attractive appearance is not the most important highlight. The most valuable benefit is that environmental one.

Biodiversity, air purification, temperature reduction, humidity …

The Covent Garden Station short movie


Plant selection is supportive to increase the biodiversity within the area. New hiding places for birds were made in between carefully selected plants. These plants provide nectar for bees and various other insect species. Current urban developments urgently need to attract pollinators in to it’s parks and gardens. The whole city should be understood as the active urban biototope.

Air Purification

Greener streets mean cleaner air. According to WHO study 5,5 millions people are dying earlier due to air pollution. Dense populated areas collect air pollution in between building walls. Many academical studies do support this theory. Plants are collecting various toxins, gases and particular matters introducing various processes known as biological regulation. Three most important decomposing processes are sedimentation, impact and Brown’s movement. These all processes improve the air quality we breath.


It is expected that London climate might get closer to current South of France due to climate change in 2050. European cities aren’t prepared for this kind of change. Hard street surfaces accumulate heat and cause overheating. Plants, trees and living walls reduce temperature thanks to the process known as Evapotranspiration. It is the combination of plant surface water release – evaporation and humidity released from plant cells – transpiration. These processes are active even during hot days. Introduction of green areas causes reduction of heat islands. Natural thermo regulation improves micro climate of our streets. This could also reduce electric energy consumption as there is not such need for air condition.


Rain water collection is part of the proposal. Although rain water reservoir cannot provide full year needs it helps to provide facade irrigation and reduce water consumption in combination with remotely operated hydroponic irrigation system.


This proposal is not the one man show project. It is the result of cooperation in between botanic experts, technologists and further specialist at Biotecture Ltd. This project would never happen without our client and idea initiator “Capital & Counties”. We all aimed to pass the environmental message. Our intention was to improve quality of our lives through sophisticated & bio diverse urban development.


  • over 8 000 plants, 21 different species
  • more or less 200 sqm of living wall area facing north and west direction
  • located opposite Covent Garden Station in London 
  • developed together with living wall company Biotecture Ltd for CapCo London